1. Have regular eye examinations.
  • Some eye diseases such as early glaucoma and macular degeneration may not give any noticeable symptoms to start with. Regular checks help pick up any changes to the health of the eye or the sight.
  • Our optometrists will recommend when your next check up should be. Generally all adults up to the age of 70 should have an eye exam every 2 years. Children and people over the age of 70 should have an annual eye exam.


  1. Eat healthily. Nutrition plays a very important role in the health of the eyes. Please see our link – Nutrition and the eye – for more information.
  1. Protect your eyes from the sun – especially if you are in an area where there is glare from water or snow.
  • UV (Ultra violet) light is not only damaging to our skin but also to our eyes as well.
  • Cumulative exposure to UV is known to cause cancers of the eyelid, accelerate the progression of cataracts and degeneration of the macula.
  • It is therefore very important to wear suitable sunglasses that conform to British standard BS EN1836:2005.
  • Wearing a wide-brimmed hat in the sun also helps shade the glare from the eyes.
  • Our qualified staff will advise you on the best type of protective eyewear for you and your family.


  1. Refrain from smoking.



Smoking is directly linked to blindness.

  • Current smokers are 3x more likely to develop age-related macular degeneration (AMD) as compared to non or past smokers and also to experience a rapid progression of the AMD.
  • Tobacco smoke leads to damage to the blood vessels in the eyes causing poor circulation and diseases such as AMD.
  • The toxic chemicals in cigarette smoke can also lead to irritation of the delicate skin at the front of the eye (the conjunctiva) leading to grittiness and soreness, to developing dry eyes by causing a change in the tear production. Smoking will also exacerbate already dry eyes.
  • People who smoke more than 20 cigarettes a day can experience poor colour vision or colour vision defects.
  • The risk of developing cataracts is increased in smokers as the toxic chemicals cause damage to the structure of the lens proteins.
  1. Use protective eyewear.
  • DIY causes 20,000 eye accidents a year.
  • Some of these injuries can lead to loss of an eye or even blindness.
  • Many of these can be prevented by wearing protective goggles when doing DIY.
  • Wearing normal spectacles or contact lenses on their own does not offer protection for most DIY jobs. Prescription goggles are also available for people who need vision correction . Goggles can be worn over spectacles and contact lenses. Goggles with polycarbonate lenses or side shields are best, because they are more durable.
  • It is also advisable to wear protective goggles for sports such as squash.
  • Your employer should supply you with protective eye wear if you work with hazardous materials or your job entails such protection..
  • Our qualified staff will advise you on the best type of protective eyewear for you.


  1. Keep fit and healthy.
  • Research shows that regular exercise will not only help our physical body but also help the eyes. Many eye diseases are linked to other health problems such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes so exercising will also help lessen the impact of the effects of these diseases on the eye.
  • Recent studies have also shown that people who exercise regularly are less likely to develop eye diseases such as glaucoma and macular degeneration.
  1. Smart computer use.

If you regularly use a computer screen, as most of us do, then follow these simple rules to avoid getting screen fatigue and visual stress such as headaches or sore and tired eyes.

  • Make sure your screen is free of dust and smudges.
  • Position your screen so that it is away from glare and reflections. Also position the screen so that the eyes are roughly level with the top of the screen and it is at arm’s length.
  • Take regular breaks – follow the 20-20-20 rule which states that we should look away from the screen after every 20 minutes for 20 seconds to focus on something 20 feet away.
  • Our optometrists will be able to advise you about eye comfort when using computers.


  1. Look after your contact lenses properly.
  • Always wash and dry your hands before touching your contact lenses and your eyes.
  • Always put clean contact lenses in your eyes to help reduce the risk of infections.
  • Don’t shower, sleep or swim in your contact lenses because of a high risk of serious infection.
  • If you wear non-disposable contact lenses only clean them with the solution recommended by your optometrist.
  • Have regular check -ups and wear them for the recommended time.
  • Our optometrists will be able to give you advise on any aspects about contact lenses.
  1. Regularly replace your eye make -up.
  • Eye make-up especially mascara and eye liners should be replaced every 3 months.
  • Old mascara wands can harbour nasty bacteria which can lead to serious eye infections.
  • Don’t share eye make-up as there is a chance of cross contamination.